The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza stands tall as the only surviving ancient wonder of the world. It is the oldest and largest of the pyramids located in the Giza Necropolis, near Cairo, Egypt. It stands as a testament to the advanced engineering and architectural knowledge of the ancient Egyptians. The pyramid, built around 2560 BC, is believed to be the burial site of Pharaoh Khufu and his two sons, Pharaoh Khafre and Pharaoh Menkaure. It is estimated to have been composed of 2.3 million limestone blocks and is the only remaining structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was a Greek temple located in what is now the city of Selcuk, Turkey. It was built to honor the goddess Artemis, and was completed around 550 BC. The temple was destroyed by a mob in 356 BC, and was later rebuilt in 323 BC. In 262 AD, it was destroyed again by a mob, this time led by the Goths. Since then, nothing remains of the once grand temple, and it is no longer considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant statue of the Greek god Zeus, crafted by the sculptor Phidias in the 5th century BC. The statue, located in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, was considered to be one of the finest examples of ancient Greek sculpture. It stood at a height of over 12 meters and was made out of gold and ivory. Unfortunately, the statue was destroyed by a fire in the 5th century AD, and no remains of it exist today.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a grand tomb built for the Persian king Mausolus in the 4th century BC. Located in present-day Bodrum, Turkey, the mausoleum was designed by the architects Satyros and Pytheos, and was constructed using white marble and decorated with sculptures. It is estimated that the mausoleum was approximately 45 meters tall and was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by an earthquake in the 15th century AD, and all that remains today are scattered ruins.
The Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a giant statue of the Greek god Helios located in the city of Rhodes, Greece. It was built in the 3rd century BC and was considered to be one of the tallest statues ever built, standing at a height of 33 meters. The statue was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC and the remains were sold off as scrap metal.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were a series of terraced gardens located in the ancient city of Babylon, Iraq. They were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC and were considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Unfortunately, they have been lost to time, and no remains of them exist today.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, was a grand lighthouse located in Alexandria, Egypt. It was built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom in the 3rd century BC and was considered to be one of the tallest man-made structures of its time. It was destroyed by a series of earthquakes between the 11th and 14th centuries AD, and the ruins that remain today are only a fraction of its former grandeur.